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Archive: Published Articles

ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY

Interdisciplinary International Science Journal

Volume 41 (2023)
Issue 4
Page No. 2225

Authors:

 

Sachin Ghanghas, Vijay Kumar Singh,
Mukesh Kumar Garg,,

Parveen Dhanger
 

Environment and Ecology 41 (4) : 2225 — 2232, October—December 2023
Article DOI: https://doi.org/10.60151/envec/DQZT7708
ISSN 0970-0420

Mathematical Modelling and Optimization of Quality
Parameters for Extraction of Turmeric Oil Using
Microwave Assisted Extraction Technology

Sachin Ghanghas, Vijay Kumar Singh,
Mukesh Kumar Garg, Parveen Dhanger

Received 8 May 2023, Accepted 14 July 2023, Published on 12 October 2023

ABSTRACT

 

In the present work, optimization of quality parameters was performed for maximum recovery of turmeric oil from the dried rhizome of turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) using microwave assisted extracted technology.  Petroleum ether and Hexane solvents were used for extraction of essential oil at two different input parameters of microwave i.e.,  microwave power (200, 250, 300, 350 and 400 watt) and extraction time (10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 min). Resulted response were estimated by the ANOVA using central composite rotable design (CCRD) of response surface methodology (RSM) and the polynomial equation of the second order response surface were modelled using multiple regression analysis. The quality of extracted oil was evaluated based on quality parameters. Maximum yield of 4.97 % of oil was recovered with the chemical properties value of acid, iodine and saponification were 4.5%, 39.37% and 14.86 % respectively using Hexane solvent at microwave power of 300-watt and 20 minutes of extraction time. Determination coefficients (R2) were equal to 90% or higher for individual responses stated that the developed models were well fitted to the experimental results.

Keywords    Turmeric oil, Microwave power, Extraction time,  Acid value, Iodine value, Saponification value.
 

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