Archive: Published Articles
ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
Interdisciplinary International Science Journal
Volume 41 (2023)
Page No. 2756
Rakesh Kumar, Norbu Jamchu Thongdok,
Environment and Ecology 41 (4B) : 2756—2765, October—December 2023
Article DOI: https://doi.org/10.60151/envec/FEZR1399
Effect of Altitude, Environment and Soil Parameters
on Morphological Characteristics and Yield of
Essential Oil in Elsholtzia communis
Baanu Loya, Rakesh Kumar, Norbu Jamchu Thongdok,
Received 26 June 2023, Accepted 23 August 2023, Published on 29 November 2023
Elsholtzia communis an aromatic herb found cultivated that has been consumed as a vegetable spice and been used as traditional medicine for the treatment of various ailments like cold, cough, headache, fever and menstrual disorder since time immemorial by many tribes of the North-Eastern states of India. The aim of this study was to know the morphological growth and yield of essential oil variations impacted by the altitude, climate characteristics and soil variations. For which 50 population of plants were selected in each of the four different altitude sites ranging from 551 m to 1433 m msl that was considered. Morphological differences between the sites of selected parameters were analyzed using One-way ANOVA performed in R platform at 1% (p < 0.01) and 5% (p < 0.05) confidence interval and the morphological growth of the plant showed significant differences in term of p-value < 0.05. Further correlation coefficient test was done between essential oil yield and environmental parameters that revealed the positive correlations against its essential oil yield. Yield of 2.3±0.12% was found highest in lower altitude of Lengpui site against 1.39±0.26% in higher altitude of Hmuifang. Henceforth, it can be acknowledged from the results that E. communis can be further taken up for enhanced cultivation practices provided the requirement of enough irrigation along with the soil amendments for the particular altitudinal based requirements which will lead to the higher yielding aspects of essential oil of Elsholtzia communis.
Keywords Altitude, Correlation, Elsholtzia, Essential oil, Morphology.