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Archive: Published Articles


Interdisciplinary International Science Journal

Volume 41 (2023)
Issue 4B
Page No. 2602



Kamla Malik,

Pawan Kumar, Narender Kumar, Mujahid Khan

Environment and Ecology 41 (4B) : 2602—2608, October—December 2023
Article DOI:
ISSN 0970-0420

Potential Use of Rice Straw with Sustainable 
Technologies: Knowledge and Constraints

Kamla Malik, Pawan Kumar, Narender Kumar, Mujahid Khan

Received 29 May 2023, Accepted 25 August 2023, Published on 31 October 2023


The present study was carried out in eight districts of Haryana state. The outcomes of the study were explained after completing a field survey in which a total of 480 farmers (60 from each district) were interviewed using a well-structured interview schedule. The results were visualized that in comparison to manufacturing industries and renewable energy production, respondents in the study had a high level of awareness about the possible use of straw in agriculture especially in live-stock feeding and in making of compost and vermi-compost. They were also well aware about the use of straw in paper making and in bio-fuel production. The major constraints reported were ‘straw of paddy delay in wheat sowing’, ‘non-availability of suitable technology’ and ‘high cost of residue management machines’. Management constraints were ranked first among the various types of constraints, followed by financial and then technical constraints. Farmers were also aware about benefits of straw management i.e. straw management helps in controlling carbon emission and improving soil health.

Keywords    Residue, Awareness, Straw, Knowledge level, Constraints.

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