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Archive: Published Articles


Interdisciplinary International Science Journal

Volume 41 (2023)
Issue 3D
Page No. 2181



Lomash Sharma, Rajesh Kumar,
Ashish Yadav

Environment and Ecology 41 (3D) : 2181—2192, July—September 2023
Article DOI:
ISSN 0970-0420

Morpho-Biochemical Characterization of Chayote 
[Sechium edule (Jacq.)] Genotypes 
from Sikkim Himalayas

Lomash Sharma, Rajesh Kumar,
Ashish Yadav

Received 3 March 2023, Accepted 7 June 2023, Published on 18 August 2023



Twenty chayote genotypes with different accession numbers maintained at ICAR-NEH region, Gangtok were used in the study and observations were recorded for seventeen quantitative traits during the year 2018-19. All the genotypes genetically differed from each other based on their mean performance. The phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) was higher than genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) for all the characters. High values for PCV, GCV, heritability and genetic advance as per cent of mean were observed for seed weight (61.2 %, 61.1 %, 99 % and 125.6 %) and non-reducing sugar (59.2 %, 58.1 %, 96 % and 117.4 %) respectively, which indicates a wide range of variation for crop improvement through selection. The correlation coefficient (genotypic and phenotypic) showed that fruit weight expressed significant positive correlation with seed length (0.93), seed breadth (0.92) and total sugar (0.65). Path coefficient analysis revealed that fruit breadth, fruit length, seed weight would be of selection criteria for further crop improvement. The genotypes were grouped into three clusters and the maximum intra-cluster distance was observed in cluster I (25.12) and maximum inter cluster distance was found between the cluster I and III (41.47). Seed weight exhibited the highest percentage contribution towards total genetic divergence.

Keywords    Chayote, Characterization, Genetic divergence, Genotypes, Variability.

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