Archive: Published Articles
ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
Interdisciplinary International Science Journal
Volume 41 (2023)
Page No. 1867
Patra L. R.,
Masih S. A.,
Environment and Ecology 41 (3C) :1867—1874, July—September 2023
Article DOI: https://doi.org/10.60151/envec/UMKM6878
Amelioration of Abiotic Stress and Climate
Change Resilience in Chickpea
Patra L. R., Masih S. A., Maxton A.
Received 3 April 2023, Accepted 12 June 2023, Published on 4 September 2023
Chickpea, an important legume crop high in protein mostly grown under rainfed circumstances in arid and semi-arid climates, where it is extremely subject to abiotic stresses like drought, terminal stress, temperature, water logging at different growth stages throughout the season linked to severe yield losses, particularly when the crop is subjected to unfavorable conditions during the reproductive period, leading to instability in chickpea production around the world. This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the strategies employed for ameliorating abiotic stress and enhancing climate change resilience in chickpea. It examines the physiological, biochemical, and molecular responses of chickpea plants to abiotic stress and explores the underlying mechanisms involved in stress tolerance. The review highlights the importance of understanding the genetic basis of stress tolerance traits and emphasizes the potential for genetic improvement through breeding and genetic engineering approaches. It examines the physiological, biochemical, and molecular responses of chickpea plants to abiotic stress and explores the underlying mechanisms involved in stress tolerance. It discusses the identification of stress-responsive genes, proteins, and metabolites, which can serve as potential targets for crop improvement and the development of stress-tolerant chickpea varieties. In conclusion, this comprehensive review provides valuable insights into the amelioration of abiotic stress and climate change resilience in chickpea. It synthesizes current knowledge, identifies research gaps, and offers practical recommendations for sustainable chickpea production under challenging environmental conditions.
Keywords Abiotic stress, Climatic resistances, Chickpea, PGPR biotechnology tools for abiotic stress elevation.