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Archive: Published Articles


Interdisciplinary International Science Journal

Volume 41 (2023)
Issue 3A
Page No. 1558



Anil K. Singh,

Usha Bhusal*,

Anjana Sisodia, Kalyan Barman, 

Minakshi Padhi,

Akash Kushwaha

Environment and Ecology 41(3A): 1558—1563, July—September 2023
Article DOI:
ISSN 0970-0420

Influence of SA, GA3 and Pinching on Growth and 
Flowering in Verbena

Anil K. Singh, Usha Bhusal, Anjana Sisodia, Kalyan Barman,
Minakshi Padhi, Akash Kushwaha

Received 8 February 2023, Accepted 1 June 2023, Published on 18 August 2023




A field experiment was conducted to find out effect of salicylic acid (SA), GA3, pinching and their interaction on the growth and flowering attributes of verbena × hybrida. Three concentration each of GA3 (100,150 and 200 ppm) and SA (100, 150 and 200 ppm) was foliar sprayed at 21 days after transplanting to run-off stage and pinching was done at 40 days with three replications set in Randomized Block Design. Pinching treatment recorded significantly maximum no. of primary branches/plant, stem diameter, fresh weight and dry weight of leaves, fresh leaf biomass, leaf area, flower longevity, fresh weight of flower, no. of spikes/plant and peduncle length. However, no. pinching treatment recorded maximum plant height, early bud initiation and early flowering. Spraying of GA3 100 ppm resulted in early bud initiation. GA3 150 ppm recorded fresh weight of leaves, fresh leaf biomass and bud cluster diameter. However, maximum plant height, leaf area, no. of spikes/plant and peduncle length was observed with GA3 at 200 ppm. Among various doses of salicylic acid, SA 100 ppm recorded maximum stem diameter. Early flowering, maximum fresh and dry weight of flower was seen with SA 150 ppm. SA 200 ppm resulted in maximum no. of primary branches/plant and flower diameter. Significant effect of interaction between pinching and plant growth chemicals (GA3 and SA) was observed in most of the growth and flowering attributes. 

Keywords   Verbena, Salicylic acid, GA3, Pinching, Growth.

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